Project description

  • PROJECT TITLE: APPLICATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN COUNSELLING SERVICE DELIVERY IN NIGERIA TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS
  • DEPARTMENT: PHILOSOPHY
  • PRICE: 3000 | CHAPTERS: 5 | PAGES: 50 | FORMAT: Microsoft Word | | PROJECT DELIVERY: 24hrs Delivery »

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CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION        

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY 

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

1.3     OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY     

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.5     RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

1.6     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

1.7     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

1.8     DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

1.9     DEFINITION OF TERMS     

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     LITERATURE REVIEW

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1     RESEARCH DESIGN

3.2     AREA OF STUDY

3.3     POPULATION OF THE STUDY

3.4     RESEARCH SAMPLE AND SAMPLING TECHNIQUE

3.5     INSTRUMENT FOR DATA COLLECTION

3.6     VALIDITY OF THE INSTRUMENT

3.7     METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION

3.8     METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     DATA ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION5.1     SUMMARY

5.2     CONCLUSION

5.3     RECOMMENDATIONS

REFRENCE

APPENDIX

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

Scientific discoveries have made the world including Nigeria a global village. Information and Communication Technology {ICT} which is one of the new trends in educational sciences has become very popular in educational settings. For effective educational science delivery, Maduabum {2004} and Okebukola {1997} reiterated that information and communication technology among other things must be made available to teachers, counsellors and students. Information and Communication Technology {ICT} according to Ivowi {2005} is the acquisition and dissemination of information by a micro-electronic based combination of computing and telecommunication. The modern advances in information technology have enhanced globalization of the world into a small village through the use of its electronic gadgets such as computer, International Network {Internet} which provides access to the use of electronic mail {e-mail}, Global system of mobile communication {GSM}, power point delivery and the world wide web {www} sites among a host of others. ICT has actually made communication easy, relevant and efficient in educational delivery and counselling practice {Nzotta, 2001}. Comprehensive information or events happening in any part of the world can be made available within minutes through ICT to all other parts and utilized effectively in interactions among people {Okere, 2005}. Guidance and counselling as an educational support service provided in schools is designed to provide scientific information to help students manage their psychosocial and learning problems {Onyehalu, 2005}. Scientific information acquisition and dissemination is the major thrust of any meaningful guidance and counselling practice. A counsellor is professionally prepared to disseminate such information based on counselling to the clients {Overton 2004}. In their views, Paisley & Hayes {2003} asserted that counsellors are obliged to join the globalization venture by applying the information and communication technology strategies in counselling practice. In his study in Enugu State of Nigeria on utilizing ICT in counselling, Okere {2007} discovered that the counsellors have knowledge of ICT but the problem was in its application. The internet can be used in a school setting for electronic discussion forum, delivering counselling sessions, accessing information and depositing research data for general access {Nwamara, 2005}. The computer driven age has facilitated the use of websites for job search, delivering career information and other guidance services including inter personal counselling {Beesley, 2004}. The advantages are endless- speed, accuracy, storage, security of information and above all turning the citizens into science oriented individuals. No wonder, Iloputaife {2004} lamented that a nation with scientifically uneducated citizenry cannot expect to make any reasonable headway in socio-economic and political decisions.

The provision of ICT facilities in the resource centers presupposes that counsellors and students can use them to improve awareness, adjustment and learning. Shiran (2001) has opined that investment in ICT facility will help in counselling and other support services necessary for effective delivery of an ICT-based curriculum should be utmost in government priorities. In order to plan, design and implement ICT in the country there is a dire need of strong and committed professionals in this field and adequate facilities are required for the implementation of ICT in schools. Literature review on successful ICT implementation in countries like Japan, Malaysia, Spain and Israel has shown great emphasis on ICT implementation at primary school level with adequate facilities. The incorporation of ICT into the school has shown great impact on the students of these countries. They have incorporated ICT into curriculum at different levels in schools. The teachers and counsellors were trained in this area so that they can integrate technology in the class (Vogt & Odental, 1996, Venezky & Davisah, 2004). The different studies on ICT implementation at school level has shown that the thinking process of these students has been improved considerably with the help of different tools used in the classroom. Smith & Collins (2006) note that the counsellor’s role is to provide the leadership necessary to manage the school counselling program and ensure effective strategies to implement counselling standards. Effectiveness requires that counsellors should incorporate new ICT ideas to facilitate learning to meet their counselling needs (Anderson, 2001). Given the importance of ICT and counselling and its need at the university levels of student’s education, therefore the application of ICT in counselling becomes vital in improving students learning.

1.2     Statement of the Problem

The great importance and significance attached to guidance and counseling program in our educational system makes it necessary for an effective guidance and counseling services in our present secondary schools. This notwithstanding however, is likely to face a lot of problems in term of implementation or providing the guidance and counseling masters opportunity to function properly in the school system. The school system is generally geared towards harmonizing the society with its technological needs as it attempt to develop the society as the need arises. The problem of inferiority complex, personal confidence, self-motivation and inter-personal relationship lead to building of fellow students, this at times leads to truancy in the school. Also some students’ do not have self confidence in terms of keeping themselves and do not want help from other people. Doing so many things in advanced country like USA, UK differs from the way things are being done in Nigeria, new tech are being used in almost everything but Nigeria still operate manually, there are so many ICT tools that guidance counselors use to make their work faster and easier, which are rarely used in Nigeria, the stated problem enhance the interest of researcher to embark on research, the application of ICT counselling service delivery in Nigeria.

1.3     Objectives of the Study

The main objective of this study is to find out the role of ICT in school guidance and counselling, specifically the study intends to:

1.4     Research Questions

The following research questions helps the researcher to achieve the stated specified objectives:

1.     Is there any significant effects of ICT on counselling service in tertiary institutions

2.     What is the influence of counselling service on students behavior

3.     What are the ICT tools that can be used for counselling service

1.5     Research Hypothesis

Ho: there is no significant effects of ICT on counselling service in tertiary institutions

Hi: there is no significant effects of ICT on counselling service in tertiary institutions 1.6          Significance of The Study

The findings of this study will be of immense benefit to the government, school administrators, parents, school counselors, students and researchers. The findings of the study will provide a guide for the government for adequate plans and budgetary allocations for effective guidance and counselling services in secondary schools. It will also help them to recognize the need for training and recruitment of more professional counsellors into the schools. To the school administrators, the findings of the study will enable also they appreciate the importance of guidance and counselling services in the schools thereby giving the counselors all the necessary support they need to discharge their counselling duties effectively. The findings of this study will encourage parents to ensure that their wards are exposed to school guidance and counselling services for greater academic achievement. The results of this research work will encourage students for greater participation in guidance and counselling and other school-based programs for maximal academic performance and self-fulfillment. The findings will also help school counsellors to be proactive in the discharge of their counselling duties. It will as well create greater opportunities for them to be sent by government on further trainings. Findings and recommendations from the study will no doubt provide materials that will stimulate other researchers to widen the frontiers of knowledge in this area.

1.7     Scope of the Study

This study will be conducted in one higher institution in Lagos state, and will also examine the roles of ICT in counselling service.

1.8     Delimitation of the Study

Finance for the general research work will be a challenge during the course of study. Correspondents also might not be able to complete or willing to submit the questionnaires given to them.

However, it is believed that these constraints will be worked on by making the best use of the available materials and spending more than the necessary time in the research work. Therefore, it is strongly believed that despite these constraint, its effect on this research report will be minimal, thus, making the objective and significance of the study achievable.

1.9     Definition of Terms

Information and Communication Technology: Information and communication technology (ICT) is another/extensional term for information technology (IT) that stresses the role of unified communication] and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual systems, which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information

Counselling Service:  the service offered to the individual who is undergoing a problem and needs professional help to overcome it

Tertiary Institution: the educational level following the completion of a school providing a secondary education


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