- PROJECT TITLE: LES VARIANTES PHONOLOGIQUES DANS LES COURBES MÉLODIQUES FRANÇAISES: DÉFIS SYNTAXIQUES MÉMOIRE PRÉSENTÉ EN VUE DE L’OBTENTION DE LA MAÎTRISE EN LINGUISTIQUE DEPARTMENT: FRENCH
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CHAPTER 2 PROBLEM Ѐ MY OF orthoepy
1 .1 GRAPHICS AND SOUNDS
The great phonetic laws on vowels take into account the phonic structure: accented syllable, open or closed. But we also note that many exceptions can only be explained if we use spelling. They testify to an evolution of the language and are today the only markers for the pronunciation. If a word like fresh is pronounced with an / E / open, it is because it belongs to a certain type of grapheme which has preserved this pronunciation. The problem is even more complex with consonants. Unless you are a philologist, you must learn the list of words containing the grapheme / CH / to know that it is pronounced [k] in cholera and [∫] in hot. If we examine two of the most specific problems of French, that of E / decolve and that of liaison, we will see how the factors of graphy and sound structure are related.
When the letter / E / does not have a graphic accent, as in redo , does the essence and greenery have to be pronounced as the / é / closed of tea, the / é / open of beast or the / e / of the called / E / mute or / E / decay? The answer depends on the phonic structure, on the one hand, and graphic problems, on the other hand.
- Phonic structure : The / E / caduc is never in closed syllable.
We remember that in thank you [mεRsi] for example the / E / is always open. The / E / obsolete is still open syllable as in the , of - hand and re - turn .
- Graphs that prevent the / E / from being obsolete in an open syllable: Front
double consonant or sc, the / E / without graphic accent is / E / closed, as
in e-ffort, e-ssence, and de-scente.
Before rr , one generally pronounces [ε], as in earth , error and terror .
Exceptions: In prefixes, or old prefixes, as above , below, and resembling , the / E / caduc retains its labial vowel tone.
When should the / E / caduc decide? Here, the phonic structure plays a role. We must indeed distinguish between / E / caduc in the final position of rhythmic group, or in the initial and in the interior. And, in the latter case, one must take into account the phonic context. The following laws can be identified very succinctly:
-followed by a single pronounced consonant, the / E / caduc generally falls , whatever its position in the rhythmic group:
(1) Initial: I see [