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Background to the Study
The level of development of a country is often considered to be an offshoot of the nature of her educational system and programme. This point is true to the extent that the technological objectives of a nation are usually rooted in the educational objectives and programmes of the country. Thus, education for development is a veritable instrument for socio-economic emancipation and economic self-reliance of every country. The level of technological development and skill acquisition has become the basis for determining social, economic and industrial development. Adequate skill acquisition training programmes through technical vocation education (TVE) holds the key to development and economic survival of a nation. At the lower level business education can be described as a vocational course, an encompassing programme which equips its recipients with the necessary knowledge, skills and attitudes to succeed in whatever business endeavours they may engage in. In other words, business education goes beyond the acquisition of knowledge for scientific and technical qualification but equips recipients for their work in industry, commerce, central or local government (BEC 1975). Business education may also be referred to an educational process or content which has its primary aim of preparing individuals for roles in business enterprises; either as employees, entrepreneur/employer or simply as self-employed. (Anao, 1986). Business education represents a broad spectrum of disciplines that are offered in elementary, secondary and post secondary. Specifically, business education is offered at three levels in tertiary institution in Nigeria namely; universities, polytechnics and colleges of education. These institutions have the aim of equipping the products of secondary education and developing them into middle and high level manpower for diverse areas of the economy. The general objective of business education as outlined in the pre-vocational curriculum volume 2 (Fed. Min. of Education, 1984) are as follows:
a. acquire basic knowledge of business studies
b. develop basic skill in office education
c. prepare for further training in business studies and
d. develop Orientation and basic skills for starting life for those who can not go beyond the junior secondary school.
Dambo (1987) adds that business education programmes are designed to develop the knowledge, skills and competencies of the learner in terms of:
developing the learner’s understanding of the contribution of business and office employees toward the economic development of the nation.
improving the learner’s personal qualities and attitudes necessary to adjust into the work environment. provide opportunities for skill training of the workers in order to make him/her reliant.
developing the learner’s to be a business educator.
The undergraduate Business education programmes are for students who wish to gain preparatory qualification in a particular field of study. Thus, the primary objective of all undergraduate of business education programmes is therefore to:
provide students with a solid business education along with additional knowledge and abilities to succeed in a particular area of business and worlds of work.